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Introduction to Structural Design of Reinforced Masonry. Climent Universidad de Alicante, Spain. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. This parameter is an indirect measure of connectivity and pore size in a material.

Mayo ver pdf. In Spain, the grout for these special technical applications is generally prepared with portland cement, although the codes and standards in place stipulate only the minimum compressive strength required, with no mention of cement type.

This result concurs with previous reports 628according to which blast furnace slag refines the cement pore network but such refinement does not translate into any material reduction in total porosity.

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Increasing capacity of Antenna Support Structures. Nonetheless, in the earliest tests, pressurised water was observed to leak out of the cracks formed, particularly in the CEM III specimens, rendering the findings invalid. The aforementioned findings appear to show that the use of cements with a high blast furnace micropilotea content in cement grout for soil anchors and micropiles leads to a more refined microstructure in the hardened grout than observed in the portland cement-based material, although the pore volume giua not observed to decline significantly.

Effective porosity, in turn, is directly related to the volume of pores accessible to water and therefore to aggressive agents such as chloride ions, which may corrode the steel used to reinforce micropiles and soil gguia.

Get to Know Us. It also provides that in grout used as anti-corrosion protection for the reinforcement the w: In this study, the variation in the diffusion coefficient D s was monitored through the age of 90 days.


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This finding could have practical consequences, since the Spanish guide for designing and building soil anchors in road works 4for instance, stipulates that the cement grout used for anti-corrosion protection in contact with reinforcing steel i.

Eight samples were tested per cement type and w: Army Corps of Engineers. The Spanish guide for designing and building micropiles in road works 2 envisages w: Special foundations for buildings and civil works are becoming increasingly common in construction today.

Grout chloride resistance was also analysed, inasmuch as these ions are among the primary inducers of steel corrosion, particularly in micropiles and soil anchors in contact with aggressive water or soil. The findings therefore indicate that in the short term the total pore volume was higher in the CEM III grout, whereas the long-term volume was very similar in the two materials.

This parameter was determined with the capillary absorption method described in Spanish standard UNE Corrosion and Chloride Transport; T4. This improvement is related to the hydraulic properties of blast furnace slag. Pilotes y Micropilotes Antonio Ros Esteban.

Manual del Vidrio Plano- Ing. Further to the electrical resistivity and post-submersion absorption findings for hardened grout designed for micropiles and soil anchors, when made from cements with a high blast furnace slag content the material has a more refined pore network than when prepared with a comparable portland cement. Email this article Login required. Facultad de Humanidades Avda.

Upon conclusion of the test, the specimens were split along the centreline and the depth of water penetration was measured in each half. Nonetheless, this indirect method for calculating the diffusion coefficient obviates the beneficial effect of the higher aluminate content in CEM III grout 15 on chloride resistance.

Note that the fixed anchor transfers the load to the terrain across cement grout, which can also be used to fill the rest of the bore hole.


Estructuras sometidas a fatiga. Thermal fields in grain during storage-their sources and effects on silo structure reliability A. Electrochemical techniques for measuring metallic corrosion – Test methods for on site measurement of resistivity of concrete.

They are used in retaining structures, bridge abutments and landside control 4. Despite these considerations, the difference in day strength between the two types of cement was not overly large. Learn more about Amazon Prime.

Lastly, although the day strength was lower in the grouts prepared with cement containing a high proportion of blast furnace slag than in the portland cement grouts, most of the former group would comply with the requirements laid down in the applicable codes and standards.

These results are consistent with the findings on effective porosity, electrical resistivity and post-submersion absorption and can be attributed to the more highly refined pore network in the blast furnace slag-blended material. Abdel-Fattah Thermal fields in grain during storage-their sources and effects on silo structure reliability A. The results observed for the properties related to durability studied consequently appear to indicate that the grout prepared with cement carrying a high slag content affords greater soil anchor and micropile durability than portland cement grout.

Here it was determined in cement paste specimens using the Wenner four-point test 20 described in Spanish standard UNE The cm diameter samples were used to study the variations in electrical resistivity and the cm specimens to determine compressive strength and the penetration of water under pressure.

Albaladejo Universidad de Alicante Spain. One of the foremost such additions is blast furnace slag, whose effects on the properties of cement-based materials are the object of considerable research 6.